Basic Differences Between Softball and Baseball

Softball and Baseball pic

Softball and Baseball

Dr. Mickel Malek, a dental surgeon at ISmileSpa in Santa Cruz, California, enjoys a variety of athletic and active hobbies. An equestrian and a scuba diver, Dr. Mickel Malek also plays softball.

While most people understand that softball differs from baseball in terms of the size and weight of the ball itself, many do not fully realize the many differences that make softball its own unique sport. It developed out of baseball in the late 1800s, when founder George Hancock created it as a way to play baseball indoors. Many of softball’s rules reflect this origin, as it involves closer distances and a more gentle pitch than baseball.

While baseball pitchers stand on a raised mound and throw the ball 60.5 feet to home plate, their softball counterparts remain flat on the ground and pitch at a distance of 35 to 43 feet from the batter. Rules demand that the softball pitch be underhand, whereas the baseball pitcher has the freedom to throw overhand or sidearm and usually does.

The baseball itself is denser and smaller than a softball, which is 12 inches in circumference, as compared to a 9-inch baseball. The softball bat has a maximum diameter 0.5 inches less than that of the baseball bat, and it is significantly lighter and shorter.

Softball batters run bases that are 60 feet apart, instead of the 90-foot spans between bases in baseball. The field itself is also shorter in softball, which is typically 250 yards from home plate to the outfield fence. On a baseball field, these two markers are more than 300 feet apart.

Finally, a complete softball game is shorter by nature than a baseball game. Whereas baseball players have nine innings to win a game, the softball team plays for a standard seven innings. The observer may also notice that a base runner in baseball may leave the base to lead off, whereas a softball player may not.


American Dental Association Prepares for ADA 2017 in Atlanta

American Dental Association  pic

American Dental Association

A dental surgeon with over three decades of experience, Dr. Mickel Malek treats patients at I Smile Spa in Santa Cruz, California. Over the course of his career in dentistry, Dr. Mickel Malek has worked to enhance his knowledge and skills through memberships in professional organizations such as the American Dental Association (ADA).

In its efforts to provide members with a variety of continuing education opportunities, the ADA oversees a number of local, national, and international events throughout the year. The organization’s most popular event is the ADA Annual Conference, which has been dubbed “America’s Dental Meeting.”

The next ADA Annual Conference will take place October 19-23, 2017, in Atlanta, Georgia. Attendees at the five-day event will have the opportunity to take part in over 300 continuing education courses designed for dental specialists, hygienists, and assistants.

ADA 2017 will also include a variety of networking activities and special events, including the distinguished lecture series, which will feature a presentation by former NFL quarterback Peyton Manning. Another highlight of the meeting will be an exhibition hall with the latest products, services, and technologies from over 550 exhibiting companies.

More information about ADA 2017 can be found at

What Is Sedation Dentistry?

Sedation Dentistry pic

Sedation Dentistry

A graduate of University of Michigan’s School of Dentistry, where he studied advanced prosthodontics, earning top honors, Dr. Mickel Malek treats patients at I Smile Spa in Santa Cruz, California. To ease patients’ discomfort, Dr. Mickel Malek practices sedation dentistry.

Fear of pain is one of the most common reasons patients are hesitant to visit the dentist. As the mouth is a sensitive area, many dental procedures do involve some pain. To help alleviate pain and anxiety, some dentists and orthodontists offer sedation in the form of a pill that keeps the patient relaxed.

Different from sleep dentistry, sedation dentistry allows patients to remain conscious and respond to commands during dental procedures. Sedation dentistry is ideal not only for patients with a phobia of dental work but also for those with a fear of needles, a strong gag reflex, or difficulty becoming numb from local anesthesia. Further, sedation makes long dental procedures seem much shorter to patients.

To learn more about sedation dentistry, visit

Conscious Oral Sedation Dentistry

oral sedation dentistry

oral sedation dentistry


Dr. Mickel Malek stands out as the founder of iSmileSpa’s location in Northern California’s Monterey Bay. There, Dr. Mickel Malek performs conscious oral sedation dentistry for those patients with dental phobias.

By inhibiting the anxiety response and relaxing the patient, oral sedation dentistry allows a fearful patient to undergo the treatment that he or she needs. It incorporates the use of a proven effective and safe oral medication, which the patient takes shortly before undergoing the necessary procedure. The dentist will consider the patient’s medical needs, desired duration of action, and demonstrated medication half-life before selecting the appropriate medication, most of which fall into a category of anti-anxiety drugs known as benzodiazepines.

Upon taking the medication, the patient slips into a relaxed state. Most patients feel some degree of drowsiness or grogginess and may even fall asleep, though they are easily awakened with a gentle touch.

Patients also typically find that time seems to pass more quickly and long procedures seem shorter. Similarly, many report an amnesic effect that leads them to remember little to none of the procedure after it is finished.